It's not uncommon to get some irritating objects in your eye from time to time and in most cases, these irritants are washed out without causing problems. But if you're experiencing pain, itching, light sensitivity, or even blurring of vision, you might be suffering from a corneal abrasion. Corneal scratches and scarring can lead to serious complications if they don't receive the proper care right from the beginning. Fortunately, you can receive this care from our ophthalmologist, serving both Plano and Greenville areas, at Texas Eye Surgeons.
The cornea is the clear spherical "window" that allows light to enter your eye while keeping foreign substances and objects out. This organ consists of multiple layers of tissue, some thinner and more delicate than others. It doesn't make much to cause a superficial scratch along with the outermost layer or epithelium. A grain of dust, a finger poke, or some windblown plant matter lodged beneath your eyelid can all damage the corneal surface. Symptoms typically include sensitivity, itching, and pain. Your natural instinct is to rub the affected eye, which only increases the damage done.
The cornea can usually repair occasional or mild corneal scratches with 24 to 48 hours, especially if you're careful not to rub your eye. Deeper or multiple scratches, however, can result in the accumulation of enough scar tissue to impair your vision. The scratches may also raise the risk of developing a serious eye infection. That's why you need to see our ophthalmologist if your symptoms haven't resolved themselves with a couple of days.
Our eye surgeon, Dr. Ali, can examine your cornea in great detail to check for scratches, note the depth of a scratch, identify the probable cause, and look for signs of complications such as infection. We also check your visual acuity to see whether any corneal scarring is affecting your eyesight. If the cause of your corneal abrasion is still on your eye or beneath your eyelid, our eye doctor can often lift it out manually or flush it out with water. Treatment can range from topical medication to corneal surgery. Options include:
Antibiotic ointment to prevent infection
Non-steroidal drugs that reduce pain and inflammation
A special contact lens called a bandage lens, which protects a more severe corneal abrasion as it heals
In the worst cases, our eye surgeon may recommend transplantation. This cornea surgery can restore vision lost to corneal abrasions.
Our eye surgeon can solve your corneal problem. Call Texas Eye Surgeons in Plano, serving the Greenville area as well, at (972) 379-3937!